Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31 Page 32 Page 33 Page 34 Page 35 Page 36 Page 37 Page 38 Page 39 Page 40 Page 41 Page 42 Page 43 Page 44 Page 45 Page 46 Page 47 Page 484 Understanding Suicide There is no single cause of suicide. Many factors may contribute to a suicide death. Having an understanding of some of these factors may help you when you talk to young loss survivors. Suicide most often occurs when stressors and health issues converge to create an experience of hopelessness and despair. Depression is the most common condition associated with suicide, and it is often undiagnosed or untreated. Most people who actively manage their mental health conditions lead fulfilling lives. Conditions like depression, anxiety, and substance use problems, especially when unaddressed, increase the risk for suicide. What are some of the reasons why people die by suicide? There are three categories of risk factors (health, environmental, and historical) that, when present at the same time, increase the risk of suicide. Research provides evidence that biology and genetics play a large part in both mental health challenges and suicide.* Health factors • Mental health conditions such as depression; substance use disorders; bipolar disorder; schizophrenia and psychosis; personality traits of aggression, mood changes, and poor relationships; conduct disorder; and anxiety disorders • Serious or chronic health condition and/or pain • Traumatic brain injury *Kaschka, W.P., and D. Rujescu, eds. Biological Basis of Suicide and Suicidal Behavior. Advances in Biological Psychiatry. Vol. 30. Basel, Switzerland: Karger Medical and Scientific, 2015.