Skip to content

Suicide statistics

Learn the latest statistics on suicide. Data on suicide are taken from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Data & Statistics Fatal Injury Report for 2018, as of March 1, 2020. Suicide rates listed are Age-Adjusted Rates.
  • Suicide is the

    10th

    leading cause of death in the US

  • In 2018,

    48,344

    Americans died by suicide

  • In 2018, there were an estimated

    1.4M

    suicide attempts

  • Become an advocate to help prevent suicideLearn more

Additional facts about suicide in the US

  • The age-adjusted suicide rate in 2018 was 14.2 per 100,000 individuals.
  • The rate of suicide is highest in middle-aged white men.
  • In 2018, men died by suicide 3.56x more often than women.
  • On average, there are 132 suicides per day.
  • White males accounted for 69.67% of suicide deaths in 2018.
  • In 2018, firearms accounted for 50.57% of all suicide deaths.

Public policy priorities

Learn more about our top Federal and State policy priorities for suicide prevention.

Learn more

Suicide attempts

When it comes to suicide and suicide attempts there are rate differences depending on demographic characteristics such as age, gender, ethnicity and race. Nonetheless, suicide occurs in all demographic groups.

In the U.S., no complete count of suicide attempt data are available. The CDC gathers data from hospitals on non-fatal injuries from self-harm as well as survey data.

In 2015, (the most recent year for which data are available), approximately 575,000 people visited a hospital for injuries due to self-harm.

Based on the 2018 National Survey of Drug Use and Mental Health it is estimated that 0.5 percent of the adults aged 18 or older made at least one suicide attempt. This translates to approximately 1.4 million adults. Adult females reported a suicide attempt 1.5 times as often as males. Further breakdown by gender and race are not available.

Based on the most recent Youth Risk Behaviors Survey from 2017, 7.4 percent of youth in grades 9-12 reported that they had made at least one suicide attempt in the past 12 months. Female students attempted almost twice as often as male students (9.3% vs. 5.1%). Black students reported the highest rate of attempt (9.8%) with white students at 6.1 percent. Approximately 2.4 percent of all students reported making a suicide attempt that required treatment by a doctor or nurse. For those requiring treatment, rates were highest for Black students (3.4%).

Real stories of hope

Supporting your Mental Health While Navigating Change

By Doreen Marshall, Ph.D., AFSP Vice President of Mission Engagement

Working Toward a Common Goal: Preventing Firearm Suicides in Veterans

By Doreen Marshall, Ph.D., AFSP Vice President of Mission Engagement

COVID-19: We Must Care for Older Adults’ Mental Health

By Christine Moutier, M.D., AFSP Chief Medical Officer

About AFSP

Learn about the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, and our mission to save lives and bring hope to those affected by suicide.

Learn more

Become an advocate for suicide prevention

By signing up as an AFSP Field Advocate, you will become a vital part of a large grassroots movement of people across the U.S. who are speaking out for suicide prevention and mental health policies at all levels of government.

Learn more

Boards, commitees and councils

The American Foundation for Suicide Prevention’s National Board, Councils and Committees are dedicated to the fight to stop suicide.

Learn more

Action Center

Visit our Action Center to stay up to date on the federal and state bills that need your support.

Take action